当前位置: 首 页>>招生就业>>就业指导>>正文

求职英语

发布时间:2012-09-26  浏览次数: 次  来源:中央财经大学马克思主义学院

开场白

BRIEF INTRODUCTION 简介

开场白(prolusion)有可能决定整个面试的基调。所谓“前三分钟定终身”,即你给面试考官的第一印象,从言谈举止到穿着打扮将直接影响到你被录取的机会。要彬彬有礼,但不要显得过分殷勤;要大方得体,不要拘谨或过分谦让。

还有,应试者需要注意的是,虽然对方为了缓和紧张气氛会问几个轻松的问题,但回答问题时一定要有礼貌,答案要抓住重点,和面试无关的话不要说,尽量考虑对方最想知道什么。

BASIC EXPRESSIONS 基本句型表达

1) May I come in?

我可以进来吗?

2) How are you doing, Mrs. Smith?

你好,史密斯女士。

3) Excuse me. May I see Mrs. Smith?

对不起,我可以见史密斯女士吗?

4) Miss Wu? Will you come in please? Take a seat.

吴小姐,请进,坐下吧。

5) I have come here for an interview by appointment. Nice to meet you.

我是应约来面试的,非常高兴见到你。

6) I am coming for an interview as required.

我是应邀来面试的。

7) Did you have any difficulty finding our company?

找到我们公司困难吗?

8) How do you think of the weather today?

你认为今天的天气如何?

CONVERSATIONS 会话

(A=Applicant I=Interviewer)

Dialogue 1

A: May I come in?

I: Yes, please.

A: How are you doing, Madam? My name is Wujing. I am coming to your company for an interview as requested.

I: Fine, thank you for coming. Mr. Wu, Please take a seat. I am Anne Smith, the assistant manager.

A: Nice to see you, Mrs. Smith.

I: Nice to meet you, too.

A: 我可以进来吗?

I: 请进。

A:你好,夫人。我叫吴京,我是应邀来贵公司面试的。

I: 好的,谢谢你过来。吴先生请坐,我叫安妮•史密斯,是经理助理。

A:非常高兴见到你,史密斯女士。

I: 我也很高兴见到你。

Dialogue 2

A: OK, Mr. Wu. You may come in. I?m Anne Smith and on my right, my colleague, Anna Duncan, and on my left, Angela Lamb. Do please sit down.

I: Thank you. Good afternoon Mrs. Smith, Miss Duncan, Miss Lamb.

A: Your English is fluent.

I: Thank you.

A: How do you think of the weather today?

I: I don?t like the weather like this. Cold and rainy. Hope it become sunny as soon as possible.

A: 好了,吴先生,你可以进来了。我是安妮•史密斯,我右面是我的同事安娜•邓肯,左边是安吉拉•兰姆。请坐吧。

I: 谢谢你。下午好,史密斯女士、邓肯小姐、兰姆小姐。

A:你的英语很流利。

I: 谢谢夸奖。

A: 你觉得今天的天气如何?

I: 我不喜欢这样的天气,又冷还下着雨,真希望早点出太阳。

Dialogue 3

A: Excuse me. May I see Mrs. Smith?

I: It's me. What can I do for you?

A: Nice to meet you, Mrs. Smith. I?m coming here for an interview by appointment.

I: Are you Mr. Wu?

A: Yes, I am.

I: Nice to meet you, too. Did you have any difficulty finding our company?

A: Not really, I am familiar with this area.

A: 不好意思,我可以见史密斯女士吗?

I: 我就是,需要我帮忙吗?

A: 很高兴见到你,史密斯女士。我是应约来面试的。

I: 你是吴先生吧?

A: 是的,我是。

I: 我也很高兴见到你。找我们公司困难吗?

A: 没有,我对这一带很熟悉。

WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS 关键词

interview 面试 request 需要,要求

as requested 应邀 assistant 助理的,辅助的;助手

as soon as possible 尽快 colleague 同事

appointment 约会,约定 fluent 流利的,流畅的

by appointment 按约定 be familiar with 熟悉

NOTES 注释

这是面试开始时常用到的几个场景。面试可能是一对一进行,也可能是集体面试,一般之前都有预约。注意不同场合下的几个关键用语:(提前预约过)“I come here for an interview by appointment.”或者“I am coming to your company for an interview as requested.”。

如果是集体面试,主考官会轮流叫人,进入房间后只要自己介绍就可以了。如果是第一次登门拜访,则需要说明你的来意和一些相关情况,比如你是从广告上看到的招聘启事或者是经人推荐的,一定要说清楚。句型有:“Excuse me, please. I wish to apply for the vacancy advertised in the morning newspaper yesterday. Has the vacancy been filled?”或者“I was referred to your company by Mr.White, your manager.”。

SUBSTITUTION EXERCISES

替换练习

1) It?s nice to see you.

Nice to see you.

Glad to see you.

Nice to meet you.

见到你很高兴。

2) I am Margaret Smith, the assistant manager.

the personnel manager

the administration Manager

the area representative

我是Margaret Smith, 经理助理

人事经理

行政经理

地区代表

3) Did you have any difficulty finding our company?

Did you have any trouble finding

Is it convenient for you to find

Is it easy for you to find

你找到我们公司有困难吗?

有没有遇到什么麻烦找到我们公司?

找到我们公司方便吗?

找到我们公司容易吗?

4) I am coming to your company for an interview as requested.

by appointment.

as invited.

是你们要求我过来贵公司面试的。

我是按预约过来贵公司面试的。

我应邀来贵公司面试的。

个人信息

这里所讲的个人资料是一个应征者的基本信息,虽然是一些很简单的问题,但是正是根据这些信息,主考官可以初步断定应试者是否符合他们的要求。

BASIC EXPRESSIONS 基本句型表达

1) What is your name,please?

请问,你叫什么名字?

2) Can you tell me what your full name is, please?

能把你的全名告诉我吗?

3) How do you spell your full name?

你的全名怎么拼写?

4) I was born on June 22,1980.

我生于1980年6月22日。

5) You look very young.How old are you?

你看上去很年轻,你多大了?

6) I am just over twenty-two.

我刚过22岁。

7) Where are you from?

你是哪里人?

8) Where is your native place?

你的籍贯是哪里?

9) Where do you live now?

你现在住哪里?

10) I live at 606 Zhongguancun Road, Apt 802,Beijing.

我住在北京市中关村大街606号,802单元。

11) Can you tell me something about your family?

能介绍一下你的家庭情况吗?

12) Are you married?

你结婚了吗?

13) How long have you been married?

你结婚多长时间了?

14) I have been married for two years.

我结婚两年了。

CONVERSATIONS 会话

(A=Applicant I=Interviewer)

Dialogue 1

I: What is your name, please?

A: My name is Sun lin.

I: How old are you?

A: I am twenty-five years old.

I: May I ask your birth date?

A: Yes, my birth date is September 22, 1977.

I: Where do you live now?

A: I live at 606 Zhongguancun Road, Apt 802,Beijing.

I: Then tell me your birthplace.

A: My birthplace is Nanjing.

I: Ok,I know you are not a resident of Beijing. Where is your domicile place then?

A: My domicile place is Nanjing,too.

I: 请问,你叫什么名字?

A: 我叫孙林。

I: 你多大了?

A: 25岁。

I: 我可以问问你的生日吗?

A: 可以,我的生日是1977年9月22日。

I: 你现在住哪里呢?

A: 我住北京市中关村大街606号,802单元。

I: 你的出生地是?

A: 我的出生地是南京。

I: 好的,我知道你不是北京人。那你的原籍是哪里?

A: 我的原籍也是南京。

Dialogue 2

I: Mr.Sun,would you mind if I ask you some questions, which may sound impolite?

A: Ah,never mind, please.

I: Can you tell me how old you are?

A: I am 25 years old.

I: Are you married?

A: No, I am still single.

I: Can you tell me something about your family?

A: Ok.There are four persons in my family, my parents, my elder sister and me.

I: 孙先生,我可以问你几个听起来可能不是很有礼貌的问题吗?

A: 啊,没关系,请问吧。

I: 你能告诉我你多大了吗?

A: 我25岁了。

I: 你结婚了吗?

A: 没有,我还是单身。

I: 那你能告诉我你家里的一些情况吗?

A: 好的,我家四口人,我父母,我姐姐和我。

Dialogue 3

I: Tell me a little bit about yourself, please.

A: My name is Sunlin and I live in Beijing. I was born in 1980. I will graduate from Peking University this July. I have majored in accounting.

I: Would you tell me something about your family?

A: There are three in my family, my parents and myself. My father is a teacher and my mother is a worker.

I: 能告诉我一些你自己的情况吗?

A: 我叫孙林,住在北京。我出生于1980年。今年七月将从北京大学毕业,我主修的专业是会计学。

I: 能说说你的家庭情况吗?

A: 我们家三口人,我父母和我。我父亲是一位教师,我母亲是一名工人。

WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS 关键词

birthplace 出生地 resident 居民,居住者

domicile (法律)原籍 sound 听起来

single 单身的 married 结婚的

NOTES 注释

根据这些信息,主考官可以初步断定应试者是否符合他们的要求,比如有些工作只适合本地人来做;有些工作需要经常出差,单身的人就有优势。但是有些涉及个人隐私,自己不便于说的,比如主考官问你:I noticed you?re wearing a wedding ring. Do you have any children?这时你最好的回答就是Why do you ask?,这样可以使你掌握主动,使主考官把他真正的意图说出来,比如也许他是在试探你是否能长时间留在他们公司。

1) Can you tell me your name,please?

Can I have

What is

请问你能告诉我你的名字吗?

请问我能知道你的名字吗?

请问你叫什么名字。

2) How old are you? 你多大了?

What is your age?

May I ask your age?

3) What?s your birthday? 你的出生日是?

When is your birth date? 你哪一年出生?

When were you born? 你哪一年出生?

4) Where are you from?

Where do you come from?

What is your hometown?

你来自哪里?

你来自哪里?

你的老家是哪里?

5) Where is your native place?

domicile

permanent

你老家是哪里?

你现在住在哪里?

你永久性的居住地是哪里?

性格与爱好

通过个性和爱好的问答,主考官可以初步判断面试者的性格特点是否适合职位的需要。性格外向的人往往容易给人留下热情活泼、思维敏捷但不深沉的印象,这类性格的人在面试时说话的节奏要适当放慢,语言组织得当,要注意给人以博学多才、见多识广的良好形象。性格内向的人则容易给人留下深沉有余、反应迟缓的印象,在面试时,这类性格的人要力争积极回答,并就某一重大观点展开论述,以弥补自己性格上的不足。

兴趣爱好有助于工作的胜任愉快,而且热爱本职,从事的专业岗位与自己的兴趣爱好相吻合也更有利于出成果。

BASIC EXPRESSIONS 基本句型表达

1) What kind of character do you think you have?

你认为自己是什么性格的人?

2) Are you introverted or extroverted?

你内向还是外向?

3) What kind of person would you like to work with?

你喜欢和什么样的人一起工作呢?

4) -How do you get along with others?

你和别人相处得怎样?

-I get on well with others.

我和别人相处得很好。

5) Do you have any particular strengths or weaknesses?

你有什么特别的优点和缺点吗?

6) What basic principles do you apply to your life?

你生活中的基本原则是什么?

7) How do you spend your spare time?

你的业余时间怎么度过?

8) What kind of sports do you like most?

你最喜欢什么运动?

9) What are your hobbies?

你的业余爱好是什么?

10)I have an interest in traveling.

我对旅游非常感兴趣。

CONVERSATIONS 会话

(A=Applicant I=Interviewer)

Dialogue 1

I: What kind of character do you think you have?

A: Generally speaking,l am an open-minded person.

I: What is your strongest trait?

A: Cheerfulness and friendliness.

I: How would your friends or colleagues describe you?

A: They say Mr. Sun is a friendly, sensitive, caring and determined person.

I: What personality do you admire?

A: I admire a person who is honest, flexible and easy-going.

I: How do you get along with others?

A: I get on well with others.

I: 你认为你是什么性格的人?

A: 总的来说,我是个思想很开明的人。

I: 你个性上最大的特点是什么?

A: 乐观和友好。

I: 你的朋友或同事怎么形容你?

A: 他们说孙先生是位很友好、敏感、关心他人和有决心的人。

I: 你欣赏哪种性格的人?

A: 我欣赏诚实、灵活而且容易相处的人。

I: 你和别人相处得怎样?

A: 我和别人相处得很好。

Dialogue 2

I: What kind of person do you think you are?

A: Well, I am always energetic and enthusiastic. That?s my strongest personality.

I: What are your strengths and weaknesses?

A: Em, as I have said, I?m diligent and industrious. On the other hand, sometimes I?m too hard-working and I put myself under too much pressure to make things perfect.

I: What qualities would you expect of persons working as a team?

A: To work in a team, in my opinion, two characteristics are necessary for a person. That is, the person must be cooperative and aggressive.

I: How do you spend your leisure time?

A: I like playing games and having sports. They are my favourite hobbies.

I: So,what kind of sport do you like most?

A: Oh, it?s hard to narrow it down to just one. I mean, I like all kinds of sports, basketball, swimming, bike riding and so on. Maybe it is just the reason why I am so energetic and vigorous.

I: 你觉得你自己的个性如何?

A: 嗯,我觉得自己精力很充沛,做事很有热情。这是我最大的特点了。

I: 那你认为自己的最大优点和缺点是什么呢?

A: 正如我刚才说过的,我工作特别勤奋认真。但是,有时为了尽可能把事情办得完美些,我又会让自己背上太多的压力,工作太辛苦。

I: 你认为作为团队中的一员,一个人需要具备什么样的品质?

A: 依我之见,作为团队中的一员,合作精神和进取精神两者皆不可少。

I: 你业余时间都做些什么?

A: 我爱玩游戏和体育运动,这是我最大的爱好。

I: 那么你最喜欢什么体育运动?

A: 哦,那可实在太多了,我喜欢各类体育运动,打篮球、 游泳、骑车之类的。也许这是我精力如此充沛的原因吧。

open-minded 开明的,开放的 easy-going 容易相处的

personality 个性,人格 enthusiastic 充满热情的

leisure 空闲的,闲暇的 hobby 业余爱好

应试者应该根据应聘职位的需求,尽量的使用适当的词语形容自己的个性特点。例如,应试者如果应聘秘书的职位,那么他(她)在形容自己的个性特点时应尽量选用类似efficient (有效率的)、careful(办事仔细的)、responsible(负责的)等词语而不应该选用purposeful(有目的的)或 liberal(心胸宽大的)等不着边际的词语。

1) What kind of character do you think you are?

personality

person

你认为你自己具有什么样的性格。

你认为你自己具有什么样的个性。

你认为你自己是个什么样的人。

2) Do you have any particular strengths or weaknesses?

What are your strengths and weaknesses?

merits

strong points

shortcomings

你有什么特别的强项或缺点吗?

你的强项和缺点是什么?

你有什么优点?

你有何长处?

你有何缺点?

3) How do you spend your leisure time? = What do you do for leisure?

spare

free

你的休闲时间如何度过?

你的空闲时间怎么打发?

你的空闲时间怎么打发?

4) I have an interest in traveling.

am fond of

like

love

我对旅游感兴趣。

我喜欢旅游。

我喜欢旅游。

我爱好旅游。

中央财经大学马克思主义学院  地址:北京市海淀区学院南路39号
电话:62288396 62289237  邮编:100081